Knee Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Exercises

Knee pain is one of the most common problems arises in people of all ages. There are various causes of knee pain such as sports injuryanterior cruciate ligament (ACL injury) or arthritis. Whatever the cause is, knee pain is actually sore and uncomfortable. The earlier you seek medical guidance, the better the chance of your knees recovering. The more you waste time, the more painful it will become.  Many people believe that knee pain will disappear over a period of time with the usage of pain killers, which is simply fake saga. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, it will return and haunt you.

knee pain

However, there are some minor knee problems, which can be successfully cured with the help of self-care measures such as resting, ice and heat therapy,  knee braces, physiotherapy, knee supports, knee swaps, etc. But in extreme cases, doctors prescribe surgery for complex knee problems. Knee surgery mainly depend on the underlying causes and the severity of symptoms. So, your best bet is to get your hands on proper information about actual causes, symptoms, treatment and exercises required to cure knee pain more smoothly and effectively without spending a fortune.

Most of the time, people consult two or three doctors and get confused due to the large difference between their opinions. So, it’s the patient’s responsibility to understand his or her problem, and carefully analyze the causes and treatments options available on the hand.

We at KneeOrtho want to help you recover from knee pain as soon as possible with the wealth of knowledge available at our site written by experts.

1. Identifying or Diagnosing Knee Pain

First of all, you should understand that not every knee pain requires similar treatment and not every knee pain leads to medical surgery, however the treatment differs from person to person based on the type of their knee pain. So, you should primarily try to identify and diagnose your knee pain through which you can categorize the root cause of your ache and discomfort. This way, it will be better for you to take appropriate steps in your recovery as soon as possible.

Learn more about diagnosing Knee Pain in the following comprehensive guides:

Section 1: Knee Pain Symptoms: Identifying & Diagnosing the Problem

Section 2: Knee Injury Diagnosis: Knee Pain Location Guide

Section 3: Knee Pain Diagnosis: How did the pain Started?

2. Common Causes of Knee Pain

Generally, knee pain occurs due to an injury while playing any sport, exercising, running, age factor and obesity. So, if the cause is identified accurately, it is much easier for further treatment. If the treatment is performed without knowing the actual cause, there is greater probability that it will occur again when you resume your day to day activities. Here are some of the common causes:

3. Knee Injuries

According to a study conducted by AAOS (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons), there were 10.4 million knee injury cases in 2010. It is becoming common problem in United States of America. Sportspersons and athletes are vulnerable to knee injuries. Basketball players, dancers, footballers, gymnasts, runners, skiers, tennis players are diagnosed with knee pain more often than normal people. Many times, knee injury can be treated with bracing and exercises but some requires surgery.

Common Knee Injuries

1) Ligament Injuries: Happens when there is damage to the ligaments that support the joint.

  1. ACl Tear – anterior cruciate ligament)
  2. MCLTear ( medial collateral ligament)
  3. PCL Tear (posterior cruciate ligament)
  4. LCL Tear (lateral collateral ligament)
  5. Knee sprain

2) Cartilage Injuries: Happens when there is damage to the cartilage lining the joint.

  1. Meniscus injury
  2. Articular chondral and osteochondral injuries

3) Muscle Injuries: Happens when muscle fibres get damaged.

  1. Calf strain
  2. Knee Sprains and Strains

4) Kneecap Injuries: Happens when patella bone gets damaged.

  1. Patella dislocation
  2. Patella fracture
  3. Patellar Subluxation
  4. Bipartite Patella

4. Knee Brace

Knee braces are extremely useful when you are suffering from dislocated kneecap, meniscus tear or acl tear because it will provide much needed relief from pain during walking, running and or any day to day activity. Knee braces are available in many sizes, colors, combinations and designs. They are generally made of metal, elastic, foam, plastic and straps.

Types of Knee braces for Knee Pain:

1) Support Level:

  1. Basic level
  2. Advanced level
  3. Elite level
  4. Knee Pads

2) Braces for Specific Conditions:

  1. Arthritis
  2. ACL injuries
  3. Meniscus tear
  4. Osteoarthritis

3) Style of Knee Brace:

  1. Pull Ups
  2. Knee Wraps
  3. Hinged knee Braces
  4. Knee Straps
  5. Magnetic braces
  6. Elastic braces
  7. Neoprene braces

4) Manufacturer:

  1. Tommie Copper
  2. Ace
  3. Rehband
  4. Donjoy
  5. McDavid
  6. Mueller
  7. Neo G
  8. Thermoskin

5) Braces for Sports:

  1. Running
  2. Basketball
  3. Soccer
  4. Football
  5. Skiing
  6. Tennis

 ­­­­­5. Knee Pain Exercises

Exercises for knee pain is the best medicine for reducing the pain significantly. You should start exercising slowly. If you feel pain while exercising, stop it immediately. If you feel serious pain, consult your doctor immediately. The following exercises will strengthen your muscles around knees. Some of the exercises suited best for knee pain are:

  1. Partial Squats
  2. Step-Ups
  3. Side-Lying Leg Lifts
  4. Inner-Thigh Leg Lifts
  5. Calf Raises
  6. Straight-Leg Raises
  7. Short-Arc Knee Extensions
  8. Hamstring Stretch
  9. Quad Sets
  10. Seated Hip March
  11. Pillow squeeze
  12. Heel raise
  13. Sit to Stand
  14. One leg balance
  15. Walking

 Exercises to Avoid:

  1. Full-arc knee extensions
  2. Lunges
  3. Deep squats
  4. Hurdler’s stretches

 6. Knee Pain Treatments

The treatment for knee pain differs from patient to patient according to the type of injury. The effective treatment will reduces pain, swelling and weakness considerably.

  • PRICE Protocol (Protect, Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate)
  • Strengthening Exercises
  • Physiotherapy
  • Stretching
  • Medications
  • Ice & Heat Therapy
  • Electrotherapy (Ultrasound)
  • Splinting
  • Taping
  • Massage Therapy or Soft Tissue Massage
  • Crutches
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Lifestyle Modification or Activity Modification
  • Knee Braces
  • Knee Supports
  • KneeSwaps
  • Knee Sleeves
  • Orthotics
  • Injections
  • Acupuncture
  • Education
  • Homeopathy
  • Dry Needling
  • Bio-mechanical Correction
  • Weight Loss
  • Knee Surgery
  • Knee Rehabilitation

KneeOrtho is committed to provide in-depth information and reviews on every topic related to knee pain. We are proud to guide you through all the different aspects of knee pain problems. We have taken extreme measures to avoid any mistakes in the website. However, some errors may have crept in the copy. So, it’s your duty to remind us of any error you found in the site via comment section on particular pages. Another important thing to mention is that the information provided on this site cannot be substitute for medical advice.  Consult your doctor before initiating any treatment or exercise from the website. Have a good luck.